Alaska Fishing: Types of Fishing
When you go to Alaska, you have to know the types of fishing. There is subsistence fishing, commercial fishing, sport fishing and personal use fishing.
Subsistence fishing refers to fishing done by individuals for personal and family consumption. It is also done to help neighbors who can't fish themselves due to various circumstances such as old age or disability. There are certain areas open to subsistence fishing in each area. You don't need a fishing license, but in some cases you might need a permit. It is different from other types as it is vital for the individuals who fish, being their main source of food. Any person who is an Alaska resident for at least 12 consecutive months can participate in subsistence fishing.
Commercial fishing refers to catching fish for profit. It involves very large quantities and it creates an industry. It uses various techniques to catch significant amounts of fish. There are targeted species and special equipment minimizes catching other types of fish. Alaska's waters are incredibly productive and have some of the most important crab, whitefish and salmon fisheries on the planet.
Personal use is defined as fishing for personal use and not for sale. It doesn't allow certain means of fishing such as gills, dip nets, long lines or fish wheels. It is available only to the residents of Alaska. You are not allowed to get involved in any commercial activities with fish, shellfish, aquatic plants or any of their parts.
Sport fishing is also known as recreational fishing and it refers to fishing as a hobby or for competition. The equipment usually includes baits, hooks, lines, reels and rods. Some fishermen don't eat their catch, but get it and release it. This is the method used for the so-called "catch-and-release" certification for length, which is issued when you catch an impressively long fish. Most people find sport fishing to be very relaxing as it helps them disconnect from the daily chores and allows them to get peace of mind. Alaska is simply enormous and it's a huge challenge for a sport fisherman to know where to start. The opportunities are just incredible here as you can choose between literally 3 million lakes and 3,000 rivers. That's no joke. It's a fisherman's paradise.
Regulations can change at any time so if you want to fish, you should check the local Fish and Game office. If you are a tourist, you'll probably be able to get a permit from the fishing lodge. Just do a brief check online when you want to come and you'll find out. Calling the lodge where you want to stay will prove to be highly useful.